The yogic term for meditation is ‘dhyana’, often translated as concentration. There are a variety of different exercises, such as:
– chakra concentration
– external focus on objects
The best way to begin is with visualisation, as this is the easiest method. All you need is imagination, perhaps some music, and a comfortable, undisturbed space.
Imagine yourself sitting on a beach, a mountain or any beautiful, calming place. Observe the details around you, notice the natural beauty surrounding you. Now concentrate on one thing in this scene, like a tree or a wave. Notice its qualities. Now gradually imagine yourself becoming that thing. The separation between you and the world fades gradually. Repeat the mantra, ‘so ham’, which means ‘I am that’. Begin by doing this for 5 minutes for a week and you can gradually build up to half an hour with practice.
Visualisation can be very powerful and is a safe method to use for beginners who are not used to working directly with the chakra energy.